Composition is visual organization and runs the scale from very simple and ordered (the national flag of Japan), to very chaotic and random (a Jackson Pollack painting). When you're photographing, painting, laying out a scrapbook page you are trying to find a balance between these two opposites depending on your personal taste. There are guides to composition that can help. Placing a subject right in the middle of your frame is very orderly, but can also be visually static or boring. Using the "Rule of Thirds" can sometimes help compose a subject into a less visually organised location.
Rule of Thirds
Divide your frame into thirds, where those lines intersect can often be more visually interesting spots to place your subject, rather than in the middle which is more orderly.
I suspect this jumping spider came in with the bunch of flowers a week ago but didn't notice it until I started to photograph.
By composing the spider so it was in one of the intersecting locations, according to the rule of thirds, it helped create a more visually interesting composition.
Close up of a stem of thistles. Images that are visually chaotic can be organised by cropping the image into a square. A square is a very simple orderly shape (all sides the exact same length). By also placing the centre of interest right in the middle of the picture it was made even more orderly, the opposite to the previous image.
The other element of interest in this image is the lighting. It's backlight. I consider "Light" to be the most important photographic element to understand, and will be the subject of tomorrow's post.